With the recent review for comment on the Oak Ridge- While Oak source for radioactive isotopes getting into the lake and the downstream drinking waters, we are likely going to find another factor that ATSDR left off their assessment for risks.
Just downstream of the ORNL [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] (ORNL), .
The technology plume is the intake for the K-25 plant’s water supply. All the K-25 people are heavily impacted by fluoride leaks from the plant’s operation and this effect sets up high levels of Sr-90 and other istopes being retained in their bodies.
Sr-90 and fluoride in the bone mass have additive damage traits, in that they both set up reactions with the trace metals in the bone mass that remove these from availabilty for cells and enzymes. Fluoride damages the enzyme glutathione, which causes the rise of toxic metals in the body and the loss of the beneficial metals.
Fluoride is known to increase rates of leukemia and so does Sr-90 as their damage mechanism to the blood cells is related. Which means, that any additional toxic releases like Sr-90, which produces the free oxygen radical and OH radicals that affect the solubility and availablity of these trace metals in much the same way the fluoride affects the metals needed for proper enzyme performance.
Downstream of ORNL is a huge TVA coal power plant that emits lots of HF into the local skies to power the power hungry K-25 operation.
The additive effects of fluoride and Sr-90 together with the synergism of fluoride increasing the retention of Sr-90 is a serious factor that is well known from the cold war.
It was generally highly hushed up, because in a nuclear war,the areas with fluoridation would be more seriously injured. Even in the nuclear testing risk assessments, this factor has been concealed.Likewise, it is likely a concealed factor downstream of ORNL’s toxic plume. Fluoride also does this effect with other toxic metals and isotopes from ORNL’s plume, much of it a factor of glutathione depletion by fluoride damage.
Fluoride ingestion or absorbtion/inhalation greatly enhances uptake of radioactive elements, including I131 and Strontium 90.
Strontium 90, with a half-life of 29 years, represents an extremely important radionuclide in waste cleanup processes and is considered by some experts the fission product of greatest concern with regard to waste site clean-up efforts.
In 1958 Barry Commoner and others showed that the teeth of every baby in the US had some level of strontium 90 accumulation as a direct result of fall-out from nuclear testing in the 1940s and 50s.
Serious strontium contamination is widespread throughout the world, i.e. in Chelyabinsk or Chernobyl, Ukraine or Hanford, US. Serious strontium 90 contamination is also present at Oak Ridge and Brookhaven.
Strontium mimics calcium in the body, becoming part of the bone marrow tissue and damaging blood-producing cells.
That fluoride enhanced Sr 90 uptake was shown by the AEC’s Lengemann in 1959 and further by Cameron in 1961 and Russia’s Knizhnikov et al. in 1961 and 1962. Low amounts of strontium enhance fluorosis in animals (Hirata et al, 1990).
An article published in a 1958 Dental Digest by Dr. James G Kerwin, Director of the Central Division of the Passaic Department of Health in New Jersey, sheds more light on the issue of stronium and fluoride interactions:
âBecause of the affinity of strontium and fluoride to form highly insoluble Sr90F2, the consumption of water that has been artificially fluoridated may increase the danger of Strontium 90 to man and animals.”
“For obvious reasons it is necessary for the body to be able to get rid of any radioactive strontium as quickly as possible. Under normal circumstances the body does this, but only at a slow rate. If, however, fluoride has been consumed, for example, from artificial fluoridated drinking water, then Strontium-90 and the fluoride may precipitate as the highly insoluble Sr90F2 within the body. This means that the rate at which Strontium-90 is excreted or thrown off will be even slower than ordinarily occurs.”
“Thus , the more Strontium-90 that is consumed the more fluoride the body will tend to accumulate. Conversely, the more fluoride is taken in, the Strontium-90 will be retained within the bones and soft tissues longer than usual, and the body will thus be exposed to that much more internal radiation.”
“It is known that fluorides are powerful inhibitors of enzyme action, and that many types of enzymes are affected, including some that are essential for cellular oxidation…The wide variety of enzymes known to be poisoned by fluoride accounts for the different manifestations of fluorosis; that is, the different symptoms associated with fluoride poisoning.”
“Life processes are so delicately balanced that any change, any departure from the normally established order at the cellular level, is likely to be for the worse. Thus a combination of radioactive strontium and fluoride, forming Sr90F2, could do great harm. If the entire population of the United States received small doses of additional radiation from Strontium-90 which was combined with fluoride in the body, and thus was prevented from being excreted, it is likely that several thousands among the generation of ten million children may be definitely handicapped because of gene mutation due to internal radiation.”
“There is still another aspect to consider; that is, a population that is exposed generation after generation to an increasing amount of Strontium-90 and fluoride may quite likely exhibit a higher death rate coupled with a lower birth rate, both due to harmful radiations and the resulting mutations.”
Curzon ME, Losee FL – “Dental caries and trace element composition of whole human enamel: Western United States” J Am Dent Assoc 96(5):819-22 (1978)
Curzon MJ, Losee FL – “Dental caries and trace element composition of whole human enamel: Eastern United States” J Am Dent Assoc 94(6):1146-50 (1977)
Grady JE, Yaeger JA – “Polarizing microscopy of abnormal dentine produced by strontium or fluoride” Arch Oral Bio 10:175-8 (1965)
Hirata Y – â Effects of strontium on incisor and femurs in rats under drinking condition at constant concentrations of fluorideâ Kanagawa Shigaku 25(2):175-86 (1990)
Kerwin JG – “Possible Biologic Hazards of Strontium 90 and Fluoridation” Dental Digest, February 1958, also in: Journal of Applied Nutrition, Vol.11, No.2, (1958)
Knizhenikov VA – “Effect of fluorine on the concentration of Sr90 in the rat skeleton” Med Radiol (Moskva) 6:58-62 (1961)
Knizhnikov VA, Balika ID, Bugryshev PF – “Effect of combined chronic administration of radioactive strontium and the microelement fluorine on the hematopoietic system in rats” Gig Sanit 27:8-11 (1962)
Lengemann FW – “The metabolism of alkaline eath metals by bone” Progress Report to AEC-DBM, Contract No. AT(40-1)1829, (1959) (Fluoride enhances strontium uptake – increases ratio of Stronium 90 to calcium)
Menczel J, Posner AS, Schraer H, Pakis G, Likins RC – “Comparative fixation of Sr89 and Ca45 by calcified tissues as related to fluoride induced changes in crystallinity ” Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 110:609-13 (1962)
The patent discusses the literature concerning the use of strontium and fluoride, and also cites a Featherstone paper from 1983 on this subject.[Featherstone JDB – “Remineralization of Artificial Carious Lesions In-vivo and In-vitro”, Proceedings of Workshop (1983) IRL Press Ltd]
Yaeger JA, Hinrichsen CF, Cohen MJ – “Development of the response in rat incisor to injected strontium and fluoride” AM J Anat 114:255-72 (1964)
Yaeger JA, Eisenmann DR – “Response in rat incisor dentin to injected strontium, fluoride and parathyroid extract” J Dent Res J Dent Res 1963 42:1208-16 (1963)
Hanford, Published on Thursday, August 10, 2000 in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer “Hanford Air Tainted At Higher Levels” Samples after fire show plutonium and now strontium-90 in greater amounts by Seattle Post-Intelligencer Staff http://www.commondreams.org/headlines/081000-01.htm